Policies

Open data policy
FORS promotes open data, data sharing, and secondary data analysis. FORS offers its archiving services free of charge and shares knowledge and expertise with social scientists in Switzerland with respect to all aspects of the production of quantitative data, as well as different aspects of research data management. This includes linking data from different sources.

SWISSUbase, the online platform from FORS provides access to research information and data and offers researchers the opportunity to easily document and deposit their research data (both quantitative and qualitative) for long-term preservation and dissemination. With this key tool and related support services, FORS promotes and facilitates research transparency as well as data sharing and reuse in Switzerland and Europe.

FORS is also committed to open access to data and publications. Data and publications resulting from research projects at FORS or with the involvement of FORS staff must be accessible on the web for free insofar as allowed by copyright. The benefits of open data for the social sciences include:

  • Greater transparency in the scientific process
  • More thorough exploitation of existing data and reduced need for new collections
  • More rapid pace of discovery
  • Greater innovation and dissemination of best practices in research
  • Development of new forms of scientific collaboration

Open access to data and publication guidelines

Archival acquisition policy
Data selection and appraisal play an important role in the acquisition of data in any archival setting. The collections policy indicates the principles and criteria by which the archive develops its data collection in order to serve the designated community. In terms of acquisition, the FORS unit Data and research information for the social sciences (DARISS) aims to keep up with current trends and developments to meet future demands.

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Data protection policy
FORS does everything possible to provide open and easy access to data, while at the same time protecting the confidentiality of research participants and the rights of the data depositors. We rely on a combination of basic anonymization techniques (e.g., taking out identifying variables), access eligibility criteria, informed consent among study participants, and end-user contract conditions as a way of ensuring confidentiality. Our practices are in accord with Swiss federal data protection laws.

Data anonymization. As a general rule, the FORS unit Data and research information for the social sciences (DARISS) provides access only to datasets that have been de-identified, including the removal of direct identifiers, such as name and address.

Access eligibility criteria. Access to data (quantitative and qualitative) is restricted to researchers and students affiliated with a university, university of applied science, or research institute. Non-affiliated researchers may still request access, but such requests are carefully evaluated. Access is granted only for research or teaching purposes with sufficient justification for the use of the data.

User contract. Data users may gain access to datasets only after accepting an agreement to use and cite the data in a proper fashion, for scientific research and education within an academic framework, and following typical scientific ethical norms of conduct. To access and download data stored on our online platform, users must be registered with the FORS unit Data and information services for the social sciences (DARISS). Registered users must accept the terms and conditions of data use during the data upload process via our online platform.

Data sharing. The FORS unit Data and information services for the social sciences (DARISS) also protects certain rights and interests of researchers and data producers who deposit their data via our online platform:

  • Data producers retain copyright on the data they provide to DARISS
  • Data producers have the right to be informed regularly about the use of the deposited data
  • If data are deposited before researchers have published their own analyses, an embargo may be imposed for a specified period of time before the data are shared
  • Users of data stored with our service must explicitly cite the source of the data in any publication(s) referring to the data used.

These and other rights are outlined in a contract between the data producer and DARISS. Registered data producers must accept the conditions of the contract during the data submission process via our online platform.

Preservation policy
The preservation policy is intended to give a succinct overview of the broader archival business processes of FORS, available to the public. It provides transparency on the objectives and principles that guide FORS with respect to its handling of digital data. It is addressed to research funders as well as data producers and users, and other interested audiences.

The scope of this preservation policy is limited to the FORS unit Data and information services for the social sciences (DARISS). It describes the digital preservation strategies and principles of DARISS, as well as the responsibilities and procedures involved in ensuring adequate preservation of and access to the data held within the archive.

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