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Comparative Candidate Survey (CCS)


The Comparative Candidate Survey (CCS) is a response to the growing number of candidate surveys in the Anglo-Saxon world and beyond. More or less regular candidate surveys are conducted in Australia, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The rationale of the CCS is to harmonise these dispersed efforts and give them a cross-nationally comparable core. The CCS is an internationally coordinated effort. It combines an internationally agreed and locally adapted core questionnaire with questions that try to capture national and election specifics. The core candidate questionnaire specifically focuses on the issue of individualization of electoral campaigns, i.e. the empirical question of the extent to which candidates run their own campaigns distinct from those of their parties.

CCS has been running since 2005, and candidate surveys using the CCS wave I questionnaire were conducted in about 30 parliamentary elections. Wave II was fielded in 2013 and is planned to run until the end of 2018. More information on the project can be found on the CCS website.

Data access

Data from the CCS are available on our online system FORSbase. The CCS wave I cumulative dataset (2005 -2013) includes a total of 32 elections from the following countries : Australia ; Austria ; Belgium ; Canada ; Czech Republic ; Denmark ; Estonia ; Finland ; Germany ; Greece ; Hungary ; Iceland ; Ireland ; Italy ; Luxembourg* ; Malta ; Netherlands ; New Zealand ; Norway; Portugal ; Romania ; Sweden ; Switzerland ; and the United Kingdom. The CCS wave II cumulative dataset (2013 – 2016) includes a total of 13 elections from 12 countries: Germany, Switzerland, Canada, Greece, Australia, Sweden, Norway, Hungary, Montenegro, Albania, Iceland, and Romania.

If you are not already registered with FORSbase, you will need to do so (click here to register). After logging in and arriving at the CCS catalog page, click on the tab “datasets”, select the dataset and then click on “download data”. After submitting your application, your request will need to be approved first by the CCS data access committee (usually 1-2 business days). Once approved, you will be able to access the data immediately within FORSbase.

Study and dataset description in our FORSbase catalogue

More information:

Nicolas Pekari
+41 (0)21 692 37 65