Understanding hopelessness with SHP data?
Hopelessness is an important predictor of suicidal intentions linked to depression. Thus, it is crucial to consider the different factors that may exacerbate or attenuate hopelessness. According to the ambitious study of Davide Morselli, hopelessness is not only a result of an individual’s social and psychological characteristics but also of the individual’s environment. The author confirms the known association of hopelessness with various individual factors like neuroticism, unemployment or marital break-up. On top of that, however, he shows that individuals living in disadvantaged cantons, i.e. cantons with high levels of unemployment and low levels of shared optimism, were more likely to report hopelessness. Thereby, he points to the contagious nature of emotions and their transmission through social contact and social networks. These findings have important implications for medical interventions as well as for the implementation of policies aiming to reduce socioeconomic disadvantages at the collective level. The full text is available here.
4th SHP workshop: registration open!
The registration for the 4th methodological workshop for SHP users it now open. Professor Priscila Ferreira from the University of Minho (Portugal), will give a course on survival analysis with SHP data on 5th to 7th of July 2016 at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. On 4th of July 2016 the SHP team will give a general introduction to the Swiss Household Panel data and present exercises on writing syntaxes, data merging and the construction of specific files such as long or partner files. Register here.
Voluntary turnover: a means of reducing perceived job insecurity?
Little is known about the strategies employees adopt to reduce perceived job insecurity. Previous research has shown that voluntary turnover may be such a strategy. Florence Lebert has addressed the question whether employees perceiving high job insecurity report reduced levels of perceived job insecurity following voluntary turnover. Based on SHP data and taking into account individual and family factors she shows that employees with high perceived job insecurity indeed perceive less job insecurity after the change. Whereas the individual factors (gender, age and educational level) turned out to be of subordinate importance the level of financial responsibility influenced the success of voluntary turnover in reducing perceived job insecurity. The full article is available here.
Fieldwork of wave 17 completed
We are happy to announce that the fieldwork of the 17th wave of the SHP has been successfully completed. We managed to conduct a total of 11’190 individual interviews. For the SHP I a total of 98% of last year’s interviews has been realized, for the SHP II 96% and for the SHP III 85%. As usual, a beta-version of wave 17 will be available by the end of May 2016. We thank the respondents for their participation.
4th methdological workshop for SHP users
The 4th methodological workshop for SHP users will take place from 5th to 7th of July 2016 at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Professor Priscila Ferreira from the University of Minho (Portugal), director of the Applied Microeconomics Research Unit (NIMA) and deputy director of the department of economics will give a course on survival analysis with SHP data. On 4th of July 2016 the SHP team will give a general introduction to the Swiss Household Panel data and present exercises on writing syntaxes, data merging and the construction of specific files such as long or partner files. For more information click here.
Overview article on the Swiss Household Panel
The SHP-Team has published an article entitled “The Swiss Household Panel study: observing social change since 1999″. It describes the SHP in terms of its study’s origins, the general design, sampling and follow-up procedures. Information is also given on the survey topics, modules, participation rates as well as weighting and data imputation. As shown in the graph on the left, the areas of interest of the SHP-users are very diverse.
Relatives’ support buffers strain from parenthood
A new FORS Working Paper based on SHP data of 2016 has been released. In their paper entitled “Does it take a village to raise a child? The buffering effect of relationships with relatives for parental satisfaction”, Małgorzata Mikucka and Ester Rizzi Show that support from relatives is a resource for parents having two or more children and that it improves the experience of parenthood even in relatively wealthy societies like Switzerland. The article is available online here.
New data available: release of wave 16
The 16th wave of the SHP data is now available. Check out the SHP_I data for the years 1999 through 2014, the SHP_II data for the years 2004 through 2014, the SHP interviewer data for the years 2000, and 2003 to 2014 as well as additional data such as imputed income data and new variables. In addition, there are the new SHP Vaud data and LIVES Cohort data for the year 2013. We strongly recommend that all users, also those who analyze previous waves, download the newest 2015 release as we constantly improve the quality of our data.
What affects attitudes towards immigrants?
With the help of the SHP data, Bram Lancee and Oriane Sarrasin question the liberalization effect of education on attitudes towards immigrants. This thesis stipulated that education fosters egalitarian values and analytical skills, which should then translate into positive attitudes. However, their publication “Educated Preferences or Selection Effects? A Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of Educational Attainment on Attitudes Towards Immigrants” suggests that differences in attitudes towards immigrants are not significantly influences by education. This, in turn, questions the liberalization effect of education and urges for more research on the determinants of attitudes towards immigrants. The full article can be downloaded here.
Do natural disasters change public opinion?
Partly based on the SHP-data, Jan Goebel, Christian Krekel, Tim Tiefenbach and Nicolas R. Ziebarth released a new publication about “How Natural Disasters Can Affect Environmental Concerns, Risk Aversion, and Even Politics: Evidence from Fukushima and Three European Countries.” Their research shows that natural disasters may increase environmental concern, risk aversion in terms of a reassessment of risks of domestic reactors and a rise of political of Green parties even in unaffected and distant countries. However, how these changes in concerns and risk tolerance translate into changes in actual behavior is a field of future research. The full article can be downloaded here.
Young adults know how to deal with money
In their new publication based on SHP-data, “Les conséquences financières du départ du foyer parental. Une analyse longitudinale des données du Panel suisse de ménages”, Boris Wernli and Caroline Henchoz depart from the observation that in Switzerland, residential independence under the age of 30 usually results in a decrease of the income at disposal. Nevertheless, both financial management capability and satisfaction with the financial situation remain stable. These results are explained in terms of the effects of context, temporality, “linked lives,” and individual capacities to apply an order of priorities on economic acts. The full article is available here.
Men only do flexible and voluntary activities at home
The majority of homework is still done by women. While this overall finding is frustrating but not new, Daniela Schempp, Sebastian Schief and Aylin Wagner bone this result with regard to different housework activities. Based on the SHP, their publication “Determinants of Detraditionalization of the Division of Housework and Family Work in Swiss Couple Households”, draws two major conclusions. First, research has to differentiate between inflexible and unavoidable activities – like housework and child care in case of illness – and flexible and voluntary activities like playing with children. Women are especially affected by the inadequate support from the partner when it comes to unavoidable tasks. To find out more about gender inequalities at home, the full article is available here.
Health inequalities diminish as people age
A new publication on SHP data was recently published in the journal of “Sociology of Health and Illness.” Stéphane Cullati’s article “Socioeconomic inequalities in health trajectories in Switzerland: are trajectories diverging as people age?” carries out a test of the cumulative advantage/disadvantage (CAD) hypothesis which puts forward that health trajectories are diverging across socioeconomic positions as people age. He finds little evidence to support the CAD model implying that health inequalities in Switzerland are less important than those in other developed countries. The full article can be downloaded here.