The questionnaire is divided into a main part with core questions that remain unchanged in every round and a second part which focuses on specific topics that are periodically repeated.
The core module aims to study the evolution of a large spectrum of social indicators. These include the use of media, the degree of trust in the social environment, political participation and perception of institutions, subjective well-being, feelings about discrimination, attitudes toward exclusion, as well as national, ethnic, and religious identity. The core module also includes a part that allows gathering information on the socio-demographic profile of the respondents. The repeated nature of the core module allows for the observation of these topics’ changes over time.
The rotating modules that focus on specific themes vary with each round of the ESS. Research groups propose modules on specific topics. Sometimes, it’s a new theme (e.g., Public attitudes to climate change), sometimes, it’s a module that has been administered in previous years (e.g., Welfare attitudes has been carried out in 2008). These modules allow for the expansion or deepening of certain topics.
A supplementary section is dedicated to the Schwartz’ human values scale and a series of experimental tests.
A) Media and social trust
C) Subjective well-being, social exclusion, religion, national identity
F) Socio demographics
D) Welfare attitudes
E) Public attitudes to climate change
G) Human values